The Biden administration came under fire from Republican lawmakers and many Democrats after the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention authorized the order. announced it would end this monthreferring to the improvement of public health and the availability of vaccines and treatments.

Critics say the government is not ready to deal with the influx of migrants that could bring about the outage. The Ministry of Internal Security said it was preparing for the arrival of up to 18,000 migrants daily when the order expired.

More than 20 states have signed a legal complaint to allow the continued expulsion of migrants in a Louisiana court, saying the CDC did not follow proper procedures in terminating the order and did not consider the impact of their decision on the states. A Trump-appointed judge on Friday ruled in their favor, issuing a preliminary ban to prevent the termination of the order.

The fact that so many Americans also support the use of public health measures to stop pandemic-related immigration is ultimately a reflection of lawmakers’ inability to make progress on immigration reform, said Robert Blendon, a professor of health policy and political analysis. Honored, at the Harvard School of Public Health TH Chan.

“They take what is used to fight epidemics and fight for it because they know immigration cannot be negotiated,” he says. “Congress can’t agree on what to do, and they’re using it as a fig leaf for an emergency public health measure.”

The results of the survey show that support for law enforcement is conditioned by both attitudes towards immigration and their political affiliation.

Among those who said they think immigration to the U.S. should be less, opposition to the ceasefire has risen to 77 percent, while 72 percent of people who support more immigration believe the order should end. 81 percent of Republicans oppose the abolition of Title 42, compared to only 36 percent of Democrats.

Since the introduction of Title 42 in March 2020, more than 1.7 million people have been expelled, making the Health Care Act a de facto immigration control mechanism during the pandemic in the Trump and Biden administrations.

Immigration advocates say the use of the expulsion order is illegal, denying people fleeing persecution or torture the right to seek asylum in the United States, as guaranteed by international humanitarian law. More than 10,200 people were deported to Mexico were abducted, raped, tortured or assaulted under the law, Human Rights First reported.

On March 4, a panel of three Columbia District Court judges unanimously ruled that the CDC could use Section 42 to deport migrant families but not return to danger without giving them the opportunity to apply for protection. Although the Louisiana court’s injunction now prevents the termination of Chapter 42, Lee Gellert, Colombia’s chief attorney for the District of Columbia, said the District of Columbia District Court’s ruling would prevent its use to deport migrant families for persecution or torture. .

Health experts have long argued that the measure does little to control the spread of Covid-19 in the U.S. – and may actually increase the risk of transmission, as policies have encouraged migrants to repeatedly try to enter the country, increasing their movement.

The order never prevented migrants from trying to enter the United States. According to the Institute for Migration Policy, a record number of border clashes took place in 2021, with many migrants being allowed to enter in part due to uneven policy enforcement. For example, single adults have been deported under section 42 than families, and the administration has not deported unaccompanied children since November 2020.

Health experts say the politicization of this policy threatens the effectiveness of health responsibilities in future crises.

“Health officials are really concerned that if they use such power, it should not be seen as a political consequence – it’s just stopping the disease,” said Blendon of Harvard.

Next time they need to use border controls with the U.S. to stop the outbreak, “people will say,‘ No, you have a real political reason here. You are against the Middle East, South America, Africa. It has nothing to do with disease, it has to do with your policies. ”

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